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SPUBC0168 – King, Bruce

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  • Congressional Redistricting Plan
  • 27 Districts
  • Complete: YES
  • Contiguous: YES
  • Direct Impacts: Statewide
  • Submitted to the Florida Senate
  • Submitted by Bruce King of Sarasota County

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Filed under: Congress - Complete Plans, , ,

One Response - Comments are closed.

  1. The plan author provided the following comments to the Florida Senate:


    This is a follow up to two earlier emails on Dec 15 and Dec 22. In the former email, I provided a spread sheet (copy attached) giving the critical parameters for each of the districts: population, %VAP for total Blacks, %VAP for Hispanics, and a measure of compactness (ratio of the perimeter to the square root of the area). These were derived from the shapefile provided by your staff in the download. The districts were then ranked by the compactness ratio in order to identify the least compact districts for possible improvements my modifying a district boundary. In the latter email, four pairs of districts were identified where (by qualitative visual examination) an adjustment of their common boundary might be expected to lead to an overall improvement in compactness of each without sacrificing other attributes.

    In this email (along with a revised plan being exported simultaneously from District Builder) boundary modifications to the original S000C9002 plan have been demonstrated using the actual population distributions for three of the four district pairs mentioned earlier. The fourth, involving Districts 4 and 7, proved not to be feasible when the actual population distributions were included. This revised plan demonstrates that each of these three cases appears to provide an improved compactness, but lacking the shapefile for the plan incorporating these modifications, I am unable to determine the magnitude of the improvement in the compactness ratio. Your staff has the software to determine this.

    It should be emphasized that since these three modifications are in separate areas of the state, each modification can be considered separately, independent of the decision whether or not to include the others. It is important to also emphasize that two of the cases discussed represent very irregularly shaped districts which derive their odd shapes by being adjacent to one the two extremely racially gerrymandered districts in the plan,
    Districts 3 and 23.

    The three cases considered are:

    Districts 8 and 27. This modification removes the thin protuberance of District 8 east of Orlando, moves it into District 27, and compensates for the population thus shifted elsewhere by moving a portion of the boundary farther south.

    Districts 19 and 22. The long thinly shaped District 22 is sandwiched between District 23 and the coast. The combined 19 and 22 Districts were split instead on an east-west line in the middle. Each District still has an irregular shape since it fits around three sides of each of the thin District 23 protuberances, although the overall compactness ratio of each district should be improved.

    Districts 18 and 25. These districts, along with District 21, form the three Hispanic majority districts anchored in the western part of Miami-Dade county but also including Monroe county which contains the Key West archipelago. The modification made was to anchor the Key West portion to Florida City, which serves as the gateway to the peninsula, rather than to the Miami area. District 18 is therefore made more compact.

    These modifications enhance the compactness with probably some sacrifice of the role of county boundaries in redistricting. These are parallel Tier 2 criteria, but in the language of the Amendments, compactness is listed first, and county and local government boundaries are qualified in the language used with “where feasible”, hence the emphasis on compactness.

    A. Bruce King
    2085 Sandhill Lane
    Nokomis, FL 34275

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